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      加拿大將增加對美國的原油出口

      http://www.098b.cn  2021年05月28日 15:50  中國石化新聞網

        中國石化新聞網訊據油價網2021年5月25日報道,由于額外管道輸油能力增加以及油砂產量增加,今年加拿大對美國的原油出口將會增加,并補充說,由于可找到的生產商很少,對重質原油的需求也一直在上升。

        加拿大的管道日出口能力將至少增加約42萬桶,同時油砂中的重質原油產量將有所提高。加拿大著名能源運輸公司安橋公司表示,最大的產能增加將來自于將于今年第四季度完成的3號線擴建。

        擴建項目將把管道的日輸油能力從39萬桶提高到76萬桶,并使安橋公司能夠接受更多的產能預留請求?,F在,根據Argus的報道,安橋公司必須拒絕52%的管道輸油空間申請。

        由于管道運力不足,加拿大向美國出口的原油越來越多,不得不通過鐵路運輸。美國密歇根州州長格雷琴·惠特默日前下令關閉了安橋公司的5號線,稱其對環境構成風險,之后,管道問題也導致了美加關系的降溫。安橋公司拒絕關閉這條每天能夠運送54萬桶原油和液化天然氣的管道。

        在惠特默州長要求關閉輸油管道的最后期限之前,渥太華在一份聲明中說:“這起案件引起了人們對歷史框架的擔憂,幾代人以來,美加關系一直是基于這個框架成功管理的?!甭暶鬟€說,密歇根州州長的這一舉動“威脅破壞國際合作關系的重要方面”。

        這就是為什么管道3號線的擴建會受到加拿大石油生產商的歡迎,而安橋公司的另一條管道——從哈迪斯蒂到懷俄明州卡斯珀的Express管道的擴建輸油能力也會日增5萬桶。安橋公司預計在第二季度內完成擴建項目。

        李峻編譯自油價網

        原文如下:

        Canada To Boost Oil Exports To The U.S.

        Canadian crude oil exports to the United States are about to increase this year as additional pipeline capacity comes online and oil sands output increases, adding that demand for heavy crude has also been on the rise with few producers available.

        Pipeline export capacity will rise by some 420,000 bpd at least, the report noted, while production of heavy crude in the oil sands improves. The largest capacity addition will come from Enbridge's Line 3 expansion, to be completed by the fourth quarter, according to the company.

        The expansion project will boost the pipeline's capacity from 390,000 bpd to 760,000 bpd and will enable Enbridge to accept more requests for capacity reservations. the company has to reject 52 percent of requests for space on the pipeline.

        Because of the pipeline capacity shortage, rising Canadian exports of crude to the United States have had to be transported by rail. Pipeline issues have also recently led to a cooling in U.S.-Canadian relations after Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer ordered Enbridge's Line 5 shut down, claiming it posed an environmental risk. Enbridge refused to shut down the pipeline, which carries 540,000 bpd of crude oil and natural gas liquids daily.

        "This case raises concerns regarding the efficacy of the historic framework upon which the U.S.-Canada relationship has been successfully managed for generations," Ottawa said in a statement ahead of Gov. Whitmer's deadline for shutting down the pipeline. The move by the Michigan Governor "threatens to undermine important aspects of that cooperative international relationship," the statement also said.

        This is one reason why the expansion of Line 3 will be welcome by Canadian oil producers, as will the 50,000-bpd expansion of another one of Enbridge's pipelines—the Express pipeline from Hardisty to Casper, Wyoming. Enbridge expects completion of the expansion project in the current quarter.

        (文章來源:中國石化新聞網)

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